Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma Patient Shows Near Complete Remission with Immunotherapy
This case study describes a patient with basal cell carcinoma who was given four lines of treatment that were unsuccessful. A personalized approach was subsequently taken, and a beta version of the CureMatch Decision Support System platform was used to guide in the selection of immunotherapy, leading to near complete remission.
Case Study #3
A 57-year-old man, despite surgery for several basal cell carcinomas (BCC), developed brain, bone and liver metastases and was subsequently treated with two separate targeted therapies that are FDA-approved for metastatic BCC (hedgehog inhibitors vismodegib and sonidegib). However, the patient was non-responsive to these therapies. Gamma knife radiation was also administered for brain metastases with good response, and chemotherapy (cisplatin + paclitaxel) was given with a short-lived response.
A team at UCSD recommended a personalized therapy approach. A liver biopsy was taken, and next-generation DNA sequencing was performed by Foundation Medicine (FoundationOne® – 315 gene panel). The test revealed 10 genomic aberrations, including an amplification of CD274, encoding the programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1). These data were inputted into the CureMatch platform, which was used to analyze the genomic data against millions of possible treatment options from our databases, and the top-ranked treatment options were printed on a report and shared with oncologists and scientists on the molecular tumor board.
Because of PD-L1 amplification and the large number of alterations, the CureMatch system recommended immunotherapy targeting PD-1 and/or PD-L1. The patient was started on nivolumab, an anti-PD-1 antibody which blocks the ligand-mediated activation of the receptor. After 2 months, scans showed remarkable partial remission with no toxicity noted (Fig. 2). After 18 months, the patient is in nearly complete remission.
This study was published by UCSD oncologist and CureMatch co-founder Dr. Razelle Kurzrock and her colleagues in NPJ Genomic Medicine. Co-authors on the article were Sadakatsu Ikeda, Aaron M. Goodman, Philip R. Cohen, Taylor J. Jensen, Christopher K. Ellison, Garrett Frampton, Vincent Miller, Sandip P. Patel, and Razelle Kurzrock.